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A PANDEMIC EVERY 100 YEARS?

Researchers in the arena said that the latest epidemic in China, the Coronavirus, follows a trend related to the latest pandemics that overwhelmed the world every 100 years.


Most people remember this poem





“A Timeless Poem

This poem was written in 1869 by Kathleen O’Mara: And people stayed at home And read books And listened And they rested And did exercises And made art and played And learned new ways of being And stopped and listened More deeply Someone meditated, someone prayed Someone met their shadow And people began to think differently And people healed. And in the absence of people who Lived in ignorant ways Dangerous, meaningless and heartless, The earth also began to heal And when the danger ended and People found themselves They grieved for the dead And made new choices And dreamed of new visions And created new ways of living And completely healed the earth Just as they were healed.” Reprinted during Spanish flu pandemic, 1919


The Great Plague of Marseilles 1720s


The Great Plague of Marseille was the last of the significant European outbreaks of bubonic plague. Arriving in Marseille, France in 1720, the disease killed a total of 100,000 people: 50,000 in the city during the next two years and another 50,000 to the north in surrounding provinces and towns.


Despite the large number of deaths, Marseille recovered quickly from the plague outbreak. Economic activity took only a few years to recover, as trade expanded to the West Indies and Latin America. By 1765, the growing population was back at its pre-1720 level.


WHAT DID THEY DO?


Sanitation Board

At the end of the plague of 1580, the people at Marseilles took dramatic measures to attempt to control the future spread of disease. The city council of Marseilles established a sanitation board, whose members were to be drawn from the city council as well as the doctors of the city.


They established a bureaucracy to maintain the health of Marseilles. In addition to protecting the city from exterior vulnerabilities, the sanitation board sought to build a public infrastructure. Additionally, the sanitation board was responsible for the accreditation of local doctors. Citing the vast amount of misinformation that propagates during a plague….




Quarantine System

The Sanitation Board established a three-tiered control and quarantine system. Members of the board inspected all incoming ships and gave them one of three "bills of health". The “bill of health” then determined the level of access to the city by the ship and its cargo.


A delegation of members of the sanitation board was to greet every incoming ship. They reviewed the captain’s log, which recorded every city the ship had landed in, and checked it against the sanitation board's master list…. If the team saw signs of disease, the ship was not allowed to land at a Marseilles dock.

If the ship passed that first test and there were no signs of disease, but the ship’s itinerary included a city with documented plague activity, the ship was sent to the second tier of quarantine, at islands outside of Marseilles harbor.


Even a clean bill of health for a ship required a minimum of 18 days' quarantine at the off island location. If crew were believed subject to a possibility of plague, they were sent to the more isolated quarantine site, which was built on an island off the coast of the Marseille harbor.


Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Plague_of_Marseille





The 1820s Cholera Outbreaks


Seven cholera pandemics have occurred in the past 200 years. The First Cholera Pandemic, also known as the First Asiatic Cholera Pandemic, was an outbreak of the eponymous infection between 1817 and 1824. Beginning in the Indian city of Calcutta, which had long endured the effects of the deadly infection, for the first time a cholera epidemic spread throughout Asia and beyond to reach an unprecedented range of victims. Reaching almost all shores around the world, the seventh pandemic of the outbreak was recorded between 1961–1975.


Many lives and resources were lost but today:

Illness & Symptoms can be identified

  • profuse watery diarrhea, sometimes described as “rice-water stools,”

  • vomiting

  • rapid heart rate

  • loss of skin elasticity

  • dry mucous membranes

  • low blood pressure

  • thirst

  • muscle cramps

  • restlessness or irritability


Cholera could be treated

· Rehydration therapy, meaning prompt restoration of lost fluids and salts through rehydration therapy is the primary goal of treatment.

· Antibiotic treatment, which reduces fluid requirements and duration of illness, is indicated for severe cases of cholera.

· Zinc treatment has also been shown to help improve cholera symptoms in children.


Prevention

Prevention of cholera is dependent on access to safe water, adequate sanitation, and basic hygiene needs.


Source: wikipedia.org



1920s Spanish Flu


It was caused by an H1N1 virus with genes of avian origin. From January 1918 to December 1920, a deadly influenza outbreak infected 500 million people across the world. Estimates suggest between 50 and 100 million people died from the virus, in other words, up to 5% of the planet’s population. It killed more people than any other illness in recorded history, more even than the total number of deaths in WWI. The Spanish flu strain killed its victims with a swiftness never seen before.



Symptoms

The symptoms were gruesome: Sufferers would develop a fever and become short of breath. Lack of oxygen meant their faces appeared tinged with blue.


Prevention Measures

Many cities and entire countries placed full restrictions on all public gatherings and travel, in an attempt to halt the spread of the epidemic. Theaters, churches and other public places were closed for over a year, and many funerals were limited to only 15 minutes. In fact, so many people had the virus that, in some locations, everyday life effectively stopped.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/1918-commemoration/1918-pandemic-history.htm



2020 Coronavirus


Symptoms

Fever, cough, and difficulty breathing are the most common symptoms. If you’re experiencing symptoms, call your medical provider. The CDC urges those who may have been exposed to avoid public places and limit contact with other people.


Prevention

The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed. COVID-19 spreads from person to person, and can be spread by those who are infected but don't display symptoms.

The CDC advises:-

  • Washing hands

  • Avoiding close contact with others

  • Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces


Older adults and those with underlying chronic medical conditions should take extra precautions.


Can vitamins and supplements help fight off the coronavirus?

According to Dr. Aisha Terry of George Washington University, “significant studies in the past on using various over-the-counter agents and vitamins and the like in terms of boosting our immune system, "Not necessarily specific to COVID-19, but in terms of other types of viral illnesses,”Terry said.

Terry also said there has been data suggesting the use of vitamin C could boost the immune system, and more data pointing to vitamin D possibly boosting lung capacity and lung health as well.


EXERCISE TO KEEP FIT


Go ahead and venture outside.

Okay, it's still safe to step outside and get moving in most places, provided that you're healthy and aren't part of a high-risk population. In fact, the CDC recommends physical activity as part of its guidance on staying well. "Create a menu of personal self-care activities that you enjoy," they write, including advice to "exercise regularly."


Skip the mask during exercise because the mask might prevent you from breathing properly.


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